1 .TH DWM 1 dwm\-VERSION 2 .SH NAME 3 dwm \- dynamic window manager 4 .SH SYNOPSIS 5 .B dwm 6 .RB [ \-v ] 7 .SH DESCRIPTION 8 dwm is a dynamic window manager for X. It manages windows in tiled, monocle 9 and floating layouts. Either layout can be applied dynamically, optimising the 10 environment for the application in use and the task performed. 11 .P 12 In tiled layouts windows are managed in a master and stacking area. The master 13 area on the left contains one window by default, and the stacking area on the 14 right contains all other windows. The number of master area windows can be 15 adjusted from zero to an arbitrary number. In monocle layout all windows are 16 maximised to the screen size. In floating layout windows can be resized and 17 moved freely. Dialog windows are always managed floating, regardless of the 18 layout applied. 19 .P 20 Windows are grouped by tags. Each window can be tagged with one or multiple 21 tags. Selecting certain tags displays all windows with these tags. 22 .P 23 Each screen contains a small status bar which displays all available tags, the 24 layout, the title of the focused window, and the text read from the root window 25 name property, if the screen is focused. A floating window is indicated with an 26 empty square and a maximised floating window is indicated with a filled square 27 before the windows title. The selected tags are indicated with a different 28 color. The tags of the focused window are indicated with a filled square in the 29 top left corner. The tags which are applied to one or more windows are 30 indicated with an empty square in the top left corner. 31 .P 32 dwm draws a small border around windows to indicate the focus state. 33 .SH OPTIONS 34 .TP 35 .B \-v 36 prints version information to standard output, then exits. 37 .SH USAGE 38 .SS Status bar 39 .TP 40 .B X root window name 41 is read and displayed in the status text area. It can be set with the 42 .BR xsetroot (1) 43 command. 44 .TP 45 .B Button1 46 click on a tag label to display all windows with that tag, click on the layout 47 label toggles between tiled and floating layout. 48 .TP 49 .B Button3 50 click on a tag label adds/removes all windows with that tag to/from the view. 51 .TP 52 .B Mod1\-Button1 53 click on a tag label applies that tag to the focused window. 54 .TP 55 .B Mod1\-Button3 56 click on a tag label adds/removes that tag to/from the focused window. 57 .SS Keyboard commands 58 .TP 59 .B Mod1\-Shift\-Return 60 Start 61 .BR st(1). 62 .TP 63 .B Mod1\-p 64 Spawn 65 .BR dmenu(1) 66 for launching other programs. 67 .TP 68 .B Mod1\-, 69 Focus previous screen, if any. 70 .TP 71 .B Mod1\-. 72 Focus next screen, if any. 73 .TP 74 .B Mod1\-Shift\-, 75 Send focused window to previous screen, if any. 76 .TP 77 .B Mod1\-Shift\-. 78 Send focused window to next screen, if any. 79 .TP 80 .B Mod1\-b 81 Toggles bar on and off. 82 .TP 83 .B Mod1\-t 84 Sets tiled layout. 85 .TP 86 .B Mod1\-f 87 Sets floating layout. 88 .TP 89 .B Mod1\-m 90 Sets monocle layout. 91 .TP 92 .B Mod1\-space 93 Toggles between current and previous layout. 94 .TP 95 .B Mod1\-j 96 Focus next window. 97 .TP 98 .B Mod1\-k 99 Focus previous window. 100 .TP 101 .B Mod1\-i 102 Increase number of windows in master area. 103 .TP 104 .B Mod1\-d 105 Decrease number of windows in master area. 106 .TP 107 .B Mod1\-l 108 Increase master area size. 109 .TP 110 .B Mod1\-h 111 Decrease master area size. 112 .TP 113 .B Mod1\-Return 114 Zooms/cycles focused window to/from master area (tiled layouts only). 115 .TP 116 .B Mod1\-Shift\-c 117 Close focused window. 118 .TP 119 .B Mod1\-Shift\-space 120 Toggle focused window between tiled and floating state. 121 .TP 122 .B Mod1\-Tab 123 Toggles to the previously selected tags. 124 .TP 125 .B Mod1\-Shift\-[1..n] 126 Apply nth tag to focused window. 127 .TP 128 .B Mod1\-Shift\-0 129 Apply all tags to focused window. 130 .TP 131 .B Mod1\-Control\-Shift\-[1..n] 132 Add/remove nth tag to/from focused window. 133 .TP 134 .B Mod1\-[1..n] 135 View all windows with nth tag. 136 .TP 137 .B Mod1\-0 138 View all windows with any tag. 139 .TP 140 .B Mod1\-Control\-[1..n] 141 Add/remove all windows with nth tag to/from the view. 142 .TP 143 .B Mod1\-Shift\-q 144 Quit dwm. 145 .SS Mouse commands 146 .TP 147 .B Mod1\-Button1 148 Move focused window while dragging. Tiled windows will be toggled to the floating state. 149 .TP 150 .B Mod1\-Button2 151 Toggles focused window between floating and tiled state. 152 .TP 153 .B Mod1\-Button3 154 Resize focused window while dragging. Tiled windows will be toggled to the floating state. 155 .SH CUSTOMIZATION 156 dwm is customized by creating a custom config.h and (re)compiling the source 157 code. This keeps it fast, secure and simple. 158 .SH SEE ALSO 159 .BR dmenu (1), 160 .BR st (1) 161 .SH BUGS 162 Java applications which use the XToolkit/XAWT backend may draw grey windows 163 only. The XToolkit/XAWT backend breaks ICCCM-compliance in recent JDK 1.5 and early 164 JDK 1.6 versions, because it assumes a reparenting window manager. Possible workarounds 165 are using JDK 1.4 (which doesn't contain the XToolkit/XAWT backend) or setting the 166 environment variable 167 .BR AWT_TOOLKIT=MToolkit 168 (to use the older Motif backend instead) or running 169 .B xprop -root -f _NET_WM_NAME 32a -set _NET_WM_NAME LG3D 170 or 171 .B wmname LG3D 172 (to pretend that a non-reparenting window manager is running that the 173 XToolkit/XAWT backend can recognize) or when using OpenJDK setting the environment variable 174 .BR _JAVA_AWT_WM_NONREPARENTING=1 . 175 .P 176 GTK 2.10.9+ versions contain a broken 177 .BR Save\-As 178 file dialog implementation, 179 which requests to reconfigure its window size in an endless loop. However, its 180 window is still respondable during this state, so you can simply ignore the flicker 181 until a new GTK version appears, which will fix this bug, approximately 182 GTK 2.10.12+ versions.